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Guest Column

Canada alphabet

By William Bedford
Friday, December 30, 2005

a. is for: alberta, where you will find the wonderful Rockies.

B. is for: Billy Bishop, Canada's famous World War I fighter pilot.

C. is for: Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, known as "The Cradle of Confederation" because in 1867 the provinces of Ontario, then called Upper Canada, Quebec, then called Lower Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia met there and formed a united Canada. It would, however, take another 132 years to complete today's Canada of 10 provinces and 3 territories.

D. is for: the Dionne quints. The world's most famous quintuplets were born in Corbeil, near Sudbury, Ontario in 1934.

E. is for: Evangeline. This great poem, by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, is about a beautiful acadian girl who was separated from the boy she loved when the acadians were expelled from Nova Scotia in 1775.

F. is for: Fundy's famous tides. The Bay of Fundy, on Canada's atlantic Coast, lies between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and has the world's highest tides.

G. is for: The Great Lakes. Lake Superior is the largest, Lake Ontario is the smallest, Lake Michigan is the only one that lies entirely in the U.S., and the other two are Lakes Huron and Erie. Together they form the world's largest body of fresh water.

H. is for: Hudson's Bay, the world's oldest trading company. (Est. 1670).

I. is for: Canada's Inuit, Indians and immigrants

J is for: July 1st. Canada's birthday. (Confederation 1867).

K is for: the Klondike, and the Great Gold Rush of 1896.

L .is for: Laurier (Wilfred), a great Canadian prime minister.

M. is for: MacDonald (Sir John a), Canada's first prime minister.

N. is for1) Newfoundland, which is Canada's newest province. Here you will find Canada's most easterly point, (Cape Spear).

2) The Northwest Territories, which has Canada's most northerly point: (Cape Columbia).

3) Canada's newest Territory: Nunavut.

O is for: Ontario, Canada's most populous province, and the site of the famous Niagara Falls. It also has Canada's most southerly point, Middle Island, in Lake Erie.

P. is for: Pearson, (Lester Pearson, was the Prime Minister who gave Canada it's beautiful Maple Leaf Flag. He also was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Q is for: Quebec. Canada's huge French-speaking province's capital city is also named Quebec, and it's the only walled city in North america.

R. is for: Regina. This capital city of Saskatchewan, in Western Canada, is the home of Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Known the world over as the "Mounties."

S. is for: Stanley Park and sockeye salmon. British Columbia, on Canada's west coast, is famous for both the park and the salmon.

T. is for: Toronto, which is Canada's biggest city, and the center of our business, communications entertainment and sports industries. It also has the famous CN Tower and Maple Leaf Gardens.

U. is for: the United Empire Loyalists.

also known as UE, who were among Canada's earliest settlers. They came here from what is now the U.S. in 1776 because they were opposed to the american Revolution.

V. is for: the Voyageurs, these French explorers and fur traders paddled through thousands of miles of wilderness rivers and lakes in flimsy birch bark canoes.

W. is for: the World Series. The Toronto Blue Jays won this North american baseball championship twice.

X. is for: the free ballot is this free land. The ballot, or vote, is known as X because in the olden days many people couldn't write, so they marked their ballots with the letter X.

Y. is for: the Yukon Territory. The Yukon is the site of Mount Logan, which at 5,959 meters is Canada's highest mountain. The Yukon/alaska border is Canada's most westerly point.

Z. is for: Zamboni. This huge, ice-resurfacing machine is used to keep the rinks in top-shape for all big hockey games.

Canada Free Press, CFP Editor Judi McLeod