Global Warming-Energy-Environment

WhatFinger

The when, where and what of air pollutant exposure

The when, where and what of air pollutant exposure
Scientists have linked air pollution with many health conditions including asthma, heart disease, lung cancer and premature death. Among air pollutants, fine particulate matter is especially harmful because the tiny particles (diameter of 2.5 μm or less) can penetrate deep within the lungs. Now, researchers have integrated data from multiple sources to determine the personal exposure of people in peri-urban India to fine particulate matter. They report their results in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology.

By American Chemical Society - Thursday, November 8, 2018

Washington State to Vote on a Carbon Tax Again

Washington State to Vote on a Carbon Tax Again

Washington state’s ballot in 2016 included a provision asking voters if they would approve a carbon tax, but the initiative failed with 59 percent of the voters opposing the measure. This November, the state will try again to solicit favorable votes from the state’s electorate for approval of a tax on carbon dioxide. The carbon tax plan would require fossil-fuel companies to pay $15 per ton of carbon dioxide they release into the atmosphere starting in 2020. The tax would increase by $2 annually (plus inflation) until 2035, when it would reach about $55 per ton. The goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20 million metric tons (about 25 percent) by 2035. That would equate to reducing global emissions by 0.02 percent in 2035.

By Institute for Energy Research - Saturday, November 3, 2018

Monitoring air pollution after Hurricane Maria

Monitoring air pollution after Hurricane Maria
When Hurricane Maria struck Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017, the storm devastated the island’s electrical grid, leaving many people without power for months. This lack of electricity, as well as other storm-related damage, prevented air-quality monitoring in many areas. Now researchers have shown that low-cost sensors that run on solar energy can be used to monitor air pollution after a disaster. They report their results in ACS Earth and Space Chemistry.

By American Chemical Society - Saturday, November 3, 2018

Wither Tidal-Current Power?

Cape Sharp Tida
In 2016, with considerable fanfare, the Cape Sharp Tidal (CST) company launched its “long-awaited” underwater test turbine in the Bay of Fundy. CST, co-owned by Nova Scotia’s Emera Inc. (EI), and the Irish co. OpenHydro Ltd. (OH), a subsidiary of the French co. Naval Energies, (NE), have hit the end of the road. Both CST and OH have now filed for bankruptcy.

“Undersea turbines aim to harness the legendary tidal power off Nova Scotia,” Bay of Fundy; photo by OpenHydro

By Dr. Klaus L.E. Kaiser - Thursday, November 1, 2018

Wind Farms Could Cause Surface Warming

Wind Farms Could Cause Surface Warming
A Harvard University study suggests that, under certain conditions and in the near term, increased wind power could mean more climate warming than would be caused by the use of fossil fuels to generate electricity. The study found that if wind power supplied all U.S. electricity demands, it would warm the surface of the continental United States by 0.24 ˚C, which could significantly exceed the reduction in U.S. warming achieved by decarbonizing the nation’s electricity sector this century—around 0.1 ˚C. The warming effect depends strongly on local weather conditions, as well as the type and placement of the wind turbines.

By Institute for Energy Research - Wednesday, October 31, 2018

The “Carbon Capture Syndrome” (CCS) — Part-2

The Carbon Capture Syndrome
The CCS needs to be examined more closely, particularly in view of a very recent paper with the title “Carbon capture and storage (CCS): the way forward,” published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science, available for free at https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2018/ee/c7ee02342a

This 114-page report, authored by no less than 30 people from 20 or so research institutes, university departments, and companies also makes proclamations on such things as “key negative emission technologies (NETs)”, “bioenergy with CCS (BECCS),” and “direct [CO2] air capture (DAC).” Lead author is Dr. Mai Bui of the Imperial College London, UK.

By Dr. Klaus L.E. Kaiser - Sunday, October 28, 2018

U.N. Attacks the Transportation Sector in the New IPCC Report on Climate Change

Transportation Sector
A new report by the U.N.‘s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) advises that warming needs to be limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius to avoid catastrophic climate change. The report indicates that the goal is possible within the laws of chemistry and physics but doing so would require unprecedented behavioral changes and massive funding. The 1.5-degree scenario would require cutting carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 45 percent over the 20-year period from 2010 to 2030 and to a net zero by 2050, which means that all carbon dioxide released would need to be captured and stored or reused. The cost would be $2.4 trillion every year until 2035. Given that last year, the total spent on renewable energy was $333.5 billion, it appears that the $2.4 trillion number is not very doable. The IPCC report admitted as much: “These options are technically proven at various scales, but their large-scale deployment may be limited by economic, financial, human capacity and institutional constraints.”

According to the IPCC, a tax on carbon dioxide emissions would need to be as high as $27,000 per ton at the end of the century. That is equivalent to a $240 per gallon tax on gasoline in the year 2100. In 2030, the carbon tax would need to be as high as $5,500, which is equivalent to a gasoline tax of $49 per gallon. As a result, the IPCC envisages a future where people travel independently less, use forms of transportation like car sharing, and hybrid and electric cars, and use vehicles swaps and mass transit.

By Institute for Energy Research - Sunday, October 28, 2018

A looming technology-security minerals crisis?

A looming technology-security minerals crisis?
In 1973 OPEC countries imposed an oil embargo to retaliate for US support of Israel during the Yom Kippur War. Drivers endured soaring gasoline prices, blocks-long lines, hours wasted waiting to refuel vehicles, and restrictions on which days they could buy fuel. America was vulnerable to those blackmail sanctions because we imported “too much” oil—though it was just 30% of our crude.

The fracking revolution (horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing) and other factors changed that dramatically. The United States now produces more crude oil than at any time since 1970.

By Paul Driessen - Sunday, October 28, 2018

United Nations IPCC Climate Agenda Ignores Cost

United Nations IPCC Climate Agenda Ignores Cost
In a previous IER post, I explained the enormous disconnect between the work of newly-anointed Nobel laureate William Nordhaus, and the United Nations’ new “special report” calling for drastic government measures to limit global warming to 1.5°C. Specifically, Nordhaus’ “DICE” model—which was chosen by the Obama Administration as a state-of-the-art pioneer in the field—showed that doing nothing at all was a better policy than what the U.N. is currently demanding.

In the present article, I’ll use the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC’s) own published reports—which ostensibly codify the peer-reviewed literature in several fields, in order to show policymakers and the public what the “settled science” is—in order to show that the latest calls for a 1.5°C target would be ludicrously expensive. And this is why the latest IPCC report does not present the actual cost of its proposals. It simply takes the 1.5°C ceiling as a given. There is literally no attempt to use the existing body of literature to show that the benefits of the proposals outweigh their costs.

By Institute for Energy Research - Saturday, October 27, 2018

Proponent of Alberta Carbon Tax Misleads the Public

Proponent of Alberta Carbon Tax Misleads the PublicOne of the problems with a carbon tax is that it hits poorer households particularly hard. By raising the prices of electricity, heating, and transportation—which is the whole purpose, not an unintended side effect—a carbon tax falls disproportionately on lower-income people, not in absolute dollar terms but as a proportion of their monthly budget. The advocates of a carbon tax try to fix this problem by recommending a “rebate” of its proceeds, and in some cases (such as Alberta) they even target the rebate to poorer households. They present calculations showing that poor people “make money” from a carbon tax, and so are allegedly better off.

Even if we accept these figures at face value, they don’t prove what they claim. I explained this fallacy with regard to comparable claims from the U.S.-based Climate Leadership Council (CLC). Namely, even if a particular household pays less in carbon taxes than it receives in dividend rebates, it could still be worse off, because the carbon tax makes energy (and other goods) more expensive. (That’s what taxes do, folks.) A poor household can reduce the amount it pays in carbon tax by changing its behavior, such as using less electricity and taking the bus instead of owning a car. The calculations depicting a household as a “net financial winner” from a carbon tax assess the money flows after the household adapts to the higher prices (particularly for electricity and gasoline) due to the tax.

By Institute for Energy Research - Wednesday, October 24, 2018

But what will take its place?

But what will take its place?
In high school and college, I competed in debate tournaments across the state and country. I clearly remember many occasions when a debate team’s plan would include abolishing some government program. Inevitably, the opponents would ask, “What will you replace it with?”

Only once did I hear any debater respond with, “Nothing at all. Government shouldn’t be doing that at all.” Everyone in the room was stunned, and that team lost.

By Greg Walcher - Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Anti-fracking chaos in Colorado

Anti-fracking chaos in Colorado
The anti-fracking folks are trying a clever new strategy in Colorado. Instead of banning fracking, they just make it impossible. In fact, they make nearly all oil and gas development and production impossible—which is exactly what radical “leave it in the ground” eco factions demand.

However, the Colorado focus seems to be fracking (horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing) because, being new, it is the scariest. And people sure are being scared.

By David Wojick, PhD - Wednesday, October 24, 2018

U.S. Shale Has A Glaring Problem

U.S. Shale Has A Glaring Problem

Oil prices are down a bit, but are still close to multi-year highs. That should leave the shale industry flush with cash. However, a long list of U.S. shale companies are still struggling to turn a profit.

A new report from the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) and the Sightline Institute detail the “alarming volumes of red ink” within the shale industry.

By Oilprice.com -- Nick Cunningham- Tuesday, October 23, 2018

Wringing water from the air

Wringing water from the air
Scientists estimate that half a billion people in the world lack sufficient water to meet their daily needs, and that number is only expected to rise with the ever-growing population and a changing climate.  Therefore, researchers are working on technologies to soak up water from an abundant resource — the air. An article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, describes several promising approaches.

By American Chemical Society - Wednesday, October 17, 2018

Moss rapidly detects, tracks air pollutants in real time

Moss rapidly detects, tracks air pollutants in real time
Moss, one of the world’s oldest plants, is surprisingly in tune with the atmosphere around it. Now in a study appearing in ACS’ journal Analytical Chemistry, scientists report that they have found a simple and inexpensive way to detect air pollutants, specifically sulfur dioxide, in real time based on subtle changes in moss leaves. The discovery could rapidly alert authorities to potentially dangerous alterations in air quality using a sustainable, natural plant sensor.

By American Chemical Society - Wednesday, October 17, 2018

The IPCC’s latest climate hysteria

UN issues yet another climate tipping point – Humans given only 12 more years
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report 15 claims the latest disaster “tipping point” is just 12 years away. If governments around the world fail to make “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society,” human civilization and our planet face cataclysm, the IPCC asserts. 

MIT Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Physics Richard Lindzen accurately called the hysteria-laden report and press releases from this tunnel-visioned agency “implausible conjecture backed by false evidence and repeated incessantly … to promote the overturn of industrial civilization.”

By Paul Driessen - Sunday, October 14, 2018


Tiny tools for a big industry

Seeking to boost oil production, petroleum researchers turn to nanotech
Even with technological advances in recent years, the petroleum industry still struggles to squeeze as much oil and gas as possible out of underground reservoirs. Now the big industry is looking to nanotechnology to boost efficiency. According to an article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, the tiny particles could help pinpoint oil pockets, monitor underground conditions and extract more trapped oil.

By American Chemical Society - Friday, October 12, 2018

The “Carbon Capture Syndrome” (CCS)

The Carbon Capture Syndrome
Most commonly these days, the CCS acronym stands for: “Carbon Capture and Storage”—as you can surmise from the title above, I have a slightly different interpretation of “CCS.”

Of course, all this nonsense of “Carbon” storage, etc. really refers to “carbon dioxide” and not to elemental carbon as in coal or diamonds, nor to carbon-containing fuels. For my non-chemist readers, that difference is akin to the difference between “night and day” or “hell and heaven.” So, not to belabor this point, let’s assume that “carbon” and “carbon dioxide” are synonymous.

By Dr. Klaus L.E. Kaiser - Thursday, October 11, 2018

More misplaced environmentalist outrage

More misplaced environmentalist outrage
How we long for the good old days! That’s the tone of some environmental industry leaders who are screaming bloody murder (literally, not figuratively) about Department of the Interior actions under President Trump. The Department’s re-interpretation of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act is a case in point.

One Washington Post writer carped that “cruelty without consequence” is at “the heart of the Trump era.” The new rule, she wrote, is “harmful to the weak … but also to the strong, who in the exercise of cruelty become less humane, less human.”

By Greg Walcher - Wednesday, October 10, 2018

China’s Coal Escapades

China's Coal Escapades
China burns more coal than the rest of the world combined. The dirty fossil fuel has powered the country’s rapid expansion over recent decades, the main reason China is the world’s largest polluter ahead of the United States. This is a problem China wants to fix and it’s retiring the worst sources of pollution while bringing great gobs of cleaner power online. The country has pledged to begin reducing its rising greenhouse gas emissions no late than 2030.  1

By Jack Dini - Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Can Poor Families Sue John Kerry for Climate Policy Deaths?

Can Poor Families Sue John Kerry for Climate Policy Deaths?
It’s not enough that the Climate Crisis-Renewable Energy Cabal (CC-REC) now rails that an average global temperature increase of just 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels would bring “catastrophic risks” of “climate mayhem” to people and planet.

When the Paris climate deal was adopted in December 2015, the “chaos tipping point” – the “guardrail for a climate-safe world” – was 2.0 deg C (3.6 deg F). But since then, alarmists have started to claim, “a crescendo of deadly heat waves, floods, wildfires, and superstorms engorged by rising seas” has “convinced scientists” that the bar, the tipping point, the “danger cursor” needs to be set lower.

By Paul Driessen - Monday, October 8, 2018

Wind Gives Way to Solar Power and Natural Gas After Federal Subsidies End

Wind Gives Way to Solar Power and Natural Gas After Federal Subsidies End
Wind’s federal subsidy, the production tax credit, is currently set to be phased out by 2020, at which point wind power will likely give way to solar and natural gas plant additions, which will replace retiring generating plants, mostly coal and nuclear, and satisfy slowly increasing electricity demand, according to EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook. The Energy Information Administration projects that wind additions between 2025 and 2040 will be a paltry 1.2 gigawatts, while solar power additions are expected to total 170 gigawatts and natural gas additions are expected to total 78 gigawatts. The investment tax credit for solar power phases down to a permanent 10 percent for commercial and utility investment in 2022 from 30 percent today.

By Institute for Energy Research - Thursday, October 4, 2018

Fiddling With Temperature Data

Fiddling With Temperature Data
They also claim US temperatures rose 1.5 F since the 19th century., which is what the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) shows. The problem with the NOAA data is that it is fake data. NOAA creates the warming trend by altering the data. The NOAA raw data show no warming over the past century. The adjustments being made are almost exactly 1.5 F, which is the warming claimed in the article.

By Jack Dini - Wednesday, October 3, 2018

California’s 100-Percent Zero-Emission Power Goal

California's 100-Percent Zero-Emission Power Goal
California lawmakers have set a goal of relying entirely upon zero-emission energy sources for the state’s electricity by 2045. The bill requires that 50 percent of California’s electricity be supplied by renewable resources by 2025 and 60 percent by 2030, and 100 percent “zero-carbon” electricity by 2045, which can include nuclear power. Scientists, however, debate whether 100-percent zero-emission energy is feasible without cost-efficient storage technologies or new technological advances.

By Institute for Energy Research - Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Big Green Carpetbagging: Environmental Foundations’ Out-of-State Spending

Big Green Carpetbagging: Environmental Foundations' Out-of-State Spending
The fact that the shale revolution has saved Americans $74 billion per year and has made the U.S. the top oil producer in the world is, to put it mildly, a big deal. Even more important, however, is the fact that hydraulic fracturing has transformed and continues to transformed the lives of millions of underserved Americans. While people and opportunities are moving from rural America and towards the largest cities, it is primarily in the places left behind that the oil and gas industry will be creating 3.5 million jobs and contributing more than a trillion dollars in state and local taxes over the next twenty years. We have already seen miraculous revitalizations of towns in the Permian Basin of West Texas and eastern New Mexico as well as the Marcellus Formation in northern Appalachia—sparking further benefits, such as China’s $84 billion investment in West Virginia.

By Institute for Energy Research - Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Rooting out scientific corruption

Dr. Brian Wansink recently resigned from his position as Columbia University professor, eating behavior researcher and director of the Cornell “food lab.” A faculty investigation found that he had misreported research data, failed to preserve data and results properly, and employed dubious statistical techniques.

A fellow faculty member accused him of “serious research misconduct: either outright fraud by people in the lab, or such monumental sloppiness that data are entirely disconnected from context.” Among other things, Wansink had used cherry-picked data and multiple statistical analyses to get results that confirmed his hypotheses. His papers were published in peer-reviewed journals and used widely in designing eating and dieting programs, even though other researchers could not reproduce his results.

By Paul Driessen - Monday, October 1, 2018

Questioning Climate Hysteria

Questioning Climate Hysteria
Kenneth Richard and Pierre Gosselin have been compiling lists which question climate hysteria.

In just the first 6 months of 2018,  254 scientific papers were published that cast doubt on the position that anthropogenic CO2 emissions function as the climate’s fundamental control knob, or that otherwise serve to question the efficacy of climate models or the related ‘consensus’ position commonly endorsed by policymakers and mainstream media sources.

These 254 new papers affirm the position that there are significant limitations and uncertainties inherent in our understanding of climate change, emphasizing that climate science is not settled. 1

By Jack Dini - Saturday, September 29, 2018

Ethanol in gasoline is a boon for farmers, but rips-off American consumers

Ethanol in gasoline is a boon for farmers, but rips-off American consumers
WASHINGTON, D.C — U.S. oil and natural gas producers are shattering records — recently overtaking Saudi Arabia and Russia to lead the world in crude oil production.

Fueled by advanced technology, the American energy resurgence is paying off for consumers and shielding U.S. markets from instability overseas. 

But drivers may need extra cash to pay the mechanic if federal regulators keep forcing more ethanol into the fuel supply.

By Frank J Macchiarola - Friday, September 28, 2018

We must all sacrifice for the environment

San francisco, water, environmentalists
Have we become a society of people who want to regulate others, but not ourselves? We laugh at those who suddenly object to a policy that seemed perfectly OK when (they thought) it only applied to others.

We make fun of Al Gore demanding that “we” end “our” fossil fuel use, while he travels the world in private jets and SUVs. We chortle about politicians and Hollywood stars advocating gun control while surrounded by heavily armed bodyguards.

By Greg Walcher - Thursday, September 27, 2018

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