Education Spending and Public School Enrolment in Canada, 2019

Public school spending in Ontario up 18.5% per student over past decade

By —— Bio and Archives--January 31, 2019

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TORONTO—Spending on public schools in Ontario has increased 18.5 per cent, on a per-student basis, over the past decade, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Contrary to what we often hear, spending is on the rise in Ontario’s public education system,” said Angela MacLeod, a senior policy analyst with the Fraser Institute and co-author of Education Spending and Public School Enrolment in Canada, 2019.


The study finds that per-student spending, after adjusting for inflation, increased in Ontario from $11,238 in 2006/07 to $13,321 in 2016/17, the most recent year of available Statistics Canada data.

Over the same 10-year period, nominal spending on the province’s public schools increased by 31.5 per cent, from $20 billion to nearly $26.5 billion.

Crucially, teacher and staff compensation (salaries, pensions and benefits) accounted for 91 per cent of that increased spending, rising from $15 billion in 2006/07 to almost $21 billion in 2015/16.

This spending increase occurred over a decade that saw a 5.2 per cent decline in public school enrolment in the province. In fact, from 2006/07 to 2015/16, public school enrolment dropped by more than 110,000 students. This is part of the reason why per student spending is increasing; even small nominal increases in spending get amplified when the number of students decline.

“In critical policy discussions, especially those that affect our children’s education, it’s important to understand exactly what’s happening with public education spending—how much money is being spent and where it’s going,” MacLeod said.

“In Ontario, the evidence is clear—education spending has increased substantially over the past 10 years.”

Media Contact:
Angela MacLeod, Senior Policy Analyst, Fraser Institute

To arrange media interviews or for more information, please contact:
Bryn Weese, Senior Media Relations Specialist, Fraser Institute
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Fraser Institute -- Bio and Archives | Comments

The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of 86 think-tanks. Its mission is to measure, study, and communicate the impact of competitive markets and government intervention on the welfare of individuals. To protect the Institute’s independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit fraserinstitute.org.

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