Fraser Institute


The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of 86 think-tanks. Its mission is to measure, study, and communicate the impact of competitive markets and government intervention on the welfare of individuals. To protect the Institute’s independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit fraserinstitute.org.Follow the Fraser Institute on Twitter | Like us on Facebook

Most Recent Articles by Fraser Institute:

The average Canadian family paid $37,058 in taxes last year—more than housing, food and clothi

Aug 14, 2018 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—The average Canadian family spent 43 per cent of its income on taxes in 2017, more than housing, food and clothing costs combined, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Many Canadians will be surprised to learn that taxes—and not life’s basic necessities, including housing—is the biggest household expense,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of the Canadian Consumer Tax Index, which tracks the total tax bill of the average Canadian family from 1961 to 2017.




Lowering capital gains tax rate best way to encourage financing for entrepreneurs

Aug 2, 2018 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—Eliminating, or at least lowering, Canada’s uncompetitive tax rate on capital gains is the best policy for encouraging entrepreneurial financing, which is critical for new business startups, finds a new book released recently by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

The book, Demographics and Entrepreneurship: Mitigating the Effects of an Aging Population, spotlights declining growth rates in small business startups, a key measure of entrepreneurship, and explores policies to encourage and enhance entrepreneurship.




Health-care costs for typical Canadian family hit nearly $13,000 this year

Jul 31, 2018 — Fraser Institute


VANCOUVER—A typical Canadian family of four will pay $12,935 for health care in 2018, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Health care in Canada isn’t free—Canadians actually pay a substantial amount for public health care through their taxes, even if they don’t pay directly for medical services,” said Bacchus Barua, associate director of health policy studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of The Price of Public Health Care Insurance, 2018.


Transparency and confidence waning in Canada’s mining exploration permit process

Jul 24, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Transparency and confidence waning in Canada’s mining exploration permit process
VANCOUVER—On Tuesday, July 24, the Fraser Institute will release a new study on mining and mining investment.

CALGARY—Investors are losing confidence in the mineral exploration permit process in many Canadian provinces, with applications taking longer to be approved and a lack of transparency, according to a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian policy think-tank.


Ottawa’s drug-pricing changes risk limiting patient access to new medicines

Jul 20, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ottawa’s drug-pricing changes risk limiting patient access to new medicines
VANCOUVER—The federal government’s plan to lower the cost of patented pharmaceuticals in Canada through new regulations seriously risks limiting patient access to new innovative drugs, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Establishing drug prices has always been a balance between affordability and accessibility, but by markedly shifting the scales towards lower prices, Canadian patients will likely have less access to life-saving drugs,” said Kristina Acri, Fraser Institute senior fellow, associate professor of economics at Colorado College and author of Implications of the Proposed Changes to Canada’s Pharmaceutical Pricing Regulations.


With Canadian milk in NAFTA crosshairs…

Jul 17, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Australia is proof consumers and farmers can benefit from phasing out supply management
VANCOUVER—Canadian consumers and the dairy industry could both benefit by phasing out supply management, as evidenced by Australia’s recent experience ending its own protectionist dairy policies, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think tank.

U.S. President Trump has made Canada’s supply management policies—which control the price and production of dairy products as well as poultry—a key issue in the ongoing NAFTA negotiations.


Ontario’s personal income tax rate hike may have prevented 2,158 new businesses from starting

Jul 10, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ontario’s personal income tax rate hike may have prevented 2,158 new businesses from starting
TORONTO—The Ontario government’s increase to the province’s top personal income tax rate in 2013 may have prevented more than 2,000 new businesses from starting in the province, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Tax hikes by the previous government at Queen’s Park discouraged entrepreneurs from starting thousands of new businesses, which are vital for economic growth and prosperity and drive innovation,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute.


Supreme Court rejects Canada as an economic union, green lights provincial trade barriers

Jun 28, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Supreme Court rejects Canada as an economic union, green lights provincial trade barriers in ‘free the beer’ ruling
TORONTO—A recent Supreme Court ruling will limit the cross-country flow of beer—and other goods and services—for Canadians this Canada Day long weekend and beyond, confirms a report released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian policy think-tank.

“At a time when Canadians are particularly sensitive to trade barriers, the Supreme Court of Canada has rejected the clear language of the Constitution and allowed provinces to essentially build trade walls,” said Bruce Pardy, a law professor at Queen’s University and author of Protecting Government from Free Trade: The “Free the Beer” Case at the Supreme Court of Canada.


Ottawa’s $5.7 billion in ‘specific claim’ settlements fails to improve First Natio

Jun 21, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ottawa’s $5.7 billion in ‘specific claim’ settlements fails to improve First Nations living standard
CALGARY—The federal government has paid nearly $6 billion over the past four decades to hundreds of First Nations in Canada to settle “specific claims” linked to historical treaties, but there has been no corresponding increase in living standards among those recipient First Nations, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think tank.


91% of minimum-wage earners in Ontario don’t live in low-income families

Jun 19, 2018 — Fraser Institute

91% of minimum-wage earners in Ontario don’t live in low-income families
TORONTO—Despite misperceptions and false claims, raising the minimum wage would do little to reduce poverty in Ontario because the vast majority of minimum-wage earners don’t live in low-income households, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Earlier this year, Ontario raised the minimum wage by 21 per cent to $14 an hour, and some groups—including the province’s official Opposition—continue to push for an even higher minimum wage.


June 10 is Tax Freedom Day, when Canadians start working for themselves and not government

Jun 10, 2018 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—Canadian families celebrate Tax Freedom Day on June 10 this year, according to the Fraser Institute’s annual calculations.

Tax Freedom Day measures the total yearly tax burden imposed on Canadian families by federal, provincial and municipal governments. If you had to pay all your taxes up front, you’d give government every dollar you earned before Tax Freedom Day.


Federal reforms make environmental assessment process more uncertain, more political

May 31, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Federal reforms make environmental assessment process more uncertain, more political
VANCOUVER—Environmental assessment has always been arbitrary and political and the federal government’s proposed changes (contained in Bill C-69) do nothing to change that, argues a new report released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian policy think-tank.

If anything, the reforms will increase uncertainty in the project approval process.


One million Canadians waited for medical treatment in 2017, costing $1.9 billion in lost wages

May 23, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Average value of time lost during the work week in 2017 for patients waiting for medically necessary treatment
VANCOUVER—Long waits for surgery and medical treatment cost Canadians $1.9 billion in lost wages last year, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

And for the first time, the estimated number of Canadians who waited for medically necessary treatment exceeded one million in 2017.


Rate of small business startups in Canada down nearly 50 per cent in 30 years

May 17, 2018 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—The growth rate of small business startups in Canada—a key measure of entrepreneurial activity—is on the decline due, in part, to the country’s aging population, finds a new book released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Entrepreneurs drive innovation and technological advancement, but as Canada’s population ages, there are proportionately fewer entrepreneurial risk-takers, which can have negative effects on the economy,” said Steve Globerman, Fraser Institute senior fellow and contributing editor of Demographics and Entrepreneurship: Mitigating the Effects of an Aging Population.




Lack of pipelines will cost Canada $15.8 billion this year

May 8, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Lack of pipelines will cost Canada $15.8 billion this year
CALGARY—A shortage of pipeline capacity is driving down the price of Canadian oil and will cost the country’s energy sector CAD$15.8 billion in lost revenues this year, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Without adequate pipelines to tidewater ports, Canadian oil producers are forced to sell their product in the U.S. at dramatically discounted prices, which results in substantial losses for the energy sector and the economy more broadly,” said Kenneth Green, senior director of natural resource studies at the Fraser Institute.


Expanded Canada Pension Plan could decrease investment in Canada by up to $114 billion over next dec

May 3, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Expanded Canada Pension Plan could decrease investment in Canada by up to $114 billion over next decade
VANCOUVER—By forcing Canadian workers to contribute more to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), Ottawa and the provinces will inadvertently shrink the pool of money available for investments in Canada—potentially up to $114 billion by 2030, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“A shrinking pool of domestic investment means there will potentially be less money available in Canada to finance start-up businesses, the maintenance and expansion of existing operations, and investments in new machines and technology—all of which are critical for improving the economy and the living standards of workers,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Expansion of the Canada Pension Plan and the Unintended Effect on Domestic Investment.


Canada Health Act a barrier to reform and better universal health care

May 2, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Canada Health Act a barrier to reform and better universal health care
VANCOUVER—The Canada Health Act (CHA) prevents provinces from implementing proven health-care reforms that would improve the system and shorten wait times, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

The CHA is a federal law that sets the rules around cash transfers from Ottawa to the provinces for health care. It also allows the federal government to withhold funds from any province deemed in violation of the Canada Health Act.


Reducing Ontario’s personal, corporate income tax rates to 8% would attract investment, top ta

Apr 24, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Time for Tax Reform in Ontario
TORONTO—An eight per cent single-rate tax on personal and corporate income would make Ontario one of the most competitive pro-growth tax jurisdictions in North America, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Ontario’s economy has struggled for many years, partly because uncompetitive tax rates discourage businesses and entrepreneurs from moving here and investing in the province,” said Ben Eisen, director of the Fraser Institute’s Ontario Prosperity Initiative and co-author of Time for Tax Reform in Ontario.


Poor policies largely to blame for Ontario’s skyrocketing electricity prices

Apr 12, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Poor policies largely to blame for Ontario’s skyrocketing electricity prices
TORONTO—Poor energy policy choices—including Ontario’s Green Energy Act—have increased electricity prices for residents, cost tens of thousands of manufacturing workers their jobs and produced only minimal health and environmental benefits, finds a new collection of essays released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Ontario is a prime example of how not to manage energy policy—extreme government interference in the electricity market has made life more unaffordable for Ontarians and damaged the province’s economy,” said Kenneth Green, senior director of natural resource studies at the Fraser Institute and a contributing author of Understanding Changes in Ontario’s Electricity Markets and Their Effects.


Canada’s health-care system stands in stark contrast to more successful universal systems worl

Mar 20, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Canada’s health-care system stands in stark contrast to more successful universal systems worldwide
VANCOUVER—Canada’s approach to health policy is much more restrictive than in other developed countries with more successful universal health-care systems, notably on the use of the private sector and patient cost-sharing, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Previous research has shown Canada ranks among the top spenders on health care internationally but ranks poorly on a number of key performance indicators.