Fraser Institute


The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of 86 think-tanks. Its mission is to measure, study, and communicate the impact of competitive markets and government intervention on the welfare of individuals. To protect the Institute’s independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit fraserinstitute.org.Follow the Fraser Institute on Twitter | Like us on Facebook

Most Recent Articles by Fraser Institute:

Canadians pay higher personal income taxes than Americans at virtually every income level

Mar 12, 2019 — Fraser Institute

Canada’s Rising Personal Tax Rates and Falling Tax CompetitivenessVANCOUVER—Canadian workers across the income spectrum—and across the country—pay significantly higher personal income taxes than their American counterparts, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Income taxes are a major attractant—or deterrent—for entrepreneurs, businesses and workers looking to start a business, expand operations or relocate, and at virtually every level of income, Canada’s tax rates are uncompetitive with the U.S.,” said Robert P. Murphy, Fraser Institute senior fellow and co-author of Canada’s Rising Personal Tax Rates and Falling Tax Competitiveness.


Ontario plummets in annual ranking of mining investment attractiveness

Feb 28, 2019 — Fraser Institute

Ontario plummets in annual ranking of mining investment attractivenessCALGARY—Saskatchewan is the world’s third most attractive jurisdiction for mining investment, while Ontario fades in the eyes of mining investors amid increased regulatory uncertainty and concerns about disputed land claims, finds the latest Annual Survey of Mining Companies released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“The mining survey—now in its 21st year—is the most comprehensive report card on government policy decisions that either attract or scare away mining investors from around the world,” said Kenneth Green, resident scholar and chair of the Fraser Institute’s energy and environmental studies and co-author of the report.


New book summarizes and contemporizes the ideas of Adam Smith, famed philosopher and economist

Feb 26, 2019 — Fraser Institute

New book summarizes and contemporizes the ideas of Adam Smith, famed philosopher and economistVANCOUVER—A new book about Adam Smith, widely hailed as the founding father of economics, spotlights Smith’s two published books, which comprise a towering achievement in the history of western thought, with insights as relevant today as when they were written.

Published by the Fraser Institute, the book The Essential Adam Smith (and its accompanying website and animated videos) present Smith’s ideas in plain language, using contemporary examples for a new generation.


If recession hits, federal deficit will reach $28 to $34 billion before any stimulus spending

Feb 7, 2019 — Fraser Institute

If recession hits, federal deficit will reach $28 to $34 billion before any stimulus spendingVANCOUVER—Ottawa’s projected deficit of $19.6 billion in 2019/20 may automatically increase to as much as $34.4 billion if Canada enters a recession this year, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“By running deficits during a period of economic growth, there is a real risk the country’s finances will deteriorate rapidly when the next recession hits,” said Jason Clemens, executive vice-president of the Fraser Institute and co-author of What Happens to the Federal Deficit if a Recession Occurs in 2019?

The current federal government has run deficits every year since 2015, despite continued economic growth, without a projected return to budget balance until 2040.


Public school spending in Ontario up 18.5% per student over past decade

Jan 31, 2019 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—Spending on public schools in Ontario has increased 18.5 per cent, on a per-student basis, over the past decade, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Contrary to what we often hear, spending is on the rise in Ontario’s public education system,” said Angela MacLeod, a senior policy analyst with the Fraser Institute and co-author of Education Spending and Public School Enrolment in Canada, 2019.


Prime Minister Trudeau now owns the two highest-spending years in Canadian history outside of war or

Jan 22, 2019 — Fraser Institute

Prime Ministers and Government SpendingVANCOUVER—Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has now recorded the two years with the highest levels of per person government spending in Canadian history, outside of wars or recessions, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.


Fraser Institute releases Ontario elementary school rankings

Jan 21, 2019 — Fraser Institute

Fraser Institute releases Ontario elementary school rankings
TORONTO—The Fraser Institute’s Report Card on Ontario’s Elementary Schools is out today.

This year’s Report Card—the go-to source for measuring academic performance—ranks more than 3,000 anglophone and francophone public and Catholic schools (and a small number of independent schools) based on nine academic indicators from results of annual provincewide reading, writing and math tests.


Canadian innovation falling behind U.S. and other developed countries, despite billions in governmen

Jan 15, 2019 — Fraser Institute

Canadian innovation falling behind U.S. and other developed countries, despite billions in government programs
VANCOUVER—Canada’s innovation performance has declined in recent years and is falling further behind the U.S. and other developed countries, despite decades of costly innovation programs by successive federal governments, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

In fact, the current federal government allocated a staggering $8.2 billion to various innovation programs in its 2017 budget to encourage venture capital investment and create innovation superclusters, among other things.


Top performers in business—like top athletes and entertainers—highly sought after global

Jan 3, 2019 — Fraser Institute

Top performers in business—like top athletes and entertainers—highly sought after globally, well compensated
VANCOUVER—Top business leaders—like top athletes, musicians and actors—receive high levels of compensation because they are in high demand around the world and not easily replaced, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Top performers in any industry, be it sports, music, the movies or the global business community, are compensated at historically high levels because they are in high demand globally, there are limited substitutes and they’re highly mobile, making it fierce competition for the very best,” said Jason Clemens, Fraser Institute executive vice-president and co-author of CEO to Worker Pay: Global Competition for Top Talent.


Amount Canadians give to charity down more than 30% since 2006

Dec 20, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Amount Canadians give to charity down more than 30% since 2006
VANCOUVER—The amount of money Canadians donate to registered charities—as a share of their income—has plummeted 32.2 per cent since 2006, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

And Canadians remain far less generous than Americans.


Lessons from the U.K., New Zealand, Australia indicate that government-run pharmacare limits access

Dec 13, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Lessons from the U.K., New Zealand and Australia indicate that government-run pharmacare limits access to new drugs, discourages innovation

VANCOUVER—As Canadian policymakers grapple with a potential national pharmacare program, we should learn from the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand where publicly-funded pharmacare schemes have resulted in reduced access to new drugs for patients, drug shortages, higher taxes and less pharmaceutical innovation, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.


China ranks 135th out of 162 in new Human Freedom Index; Canada ranks 5th

Dec 10, 2018 — Fraser Institute

China ranks 135th out of 162 in new Human Freedom Index; Canada ranks 5th
TORONTO—China continues to languish near the bottom of the annual Human Freedom Index released today by the Fraser Institute and a network of international public policy think-tanks.

New Zealand is the freest country in the world, followed by Switzerland (2nd).

China ranks 135th in this year’s index, which uses 79 indicators of personal, civil and economic freedoms to rank 162 countries and jurisdictions worldwide. Hong Kong, once the world’s freest jurisdiction several years running, continues its downward slide and this year ranks 3rd. Australia (4th) and Canada round out the top five.


Canadian taxpayers subsidize government pensions to the tune of $22 billion a year

Dec 6, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Canadian taxpayers subsidize government pensions to the tune of $22 billion a year
VANCOUVER—Government employees don’t pay the full cost of their defined-benefit pensions. Taxpayers provide a $22 billion annual subsidy by assuming undisclosed investment risks for which they are not compensated, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.


Ontario’s health-care wait times no longer shortest in Canada

Dec 4, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ontario’s health-care wait times no longer shortest in Canada
TORONTO—Ontario can no longer claim the shortest median wait time for medically necessary treatment in Canada, with patients in the province waiting an estimated 15.7 weeks (on average) in 2018, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Saskatchewan’s wait time of 15.4 weeks is the shortest in Canada this year, while the median wait time across Canada was 19.8 weeks.


Canadian provinces shut out of top 10 most-attractive jurisdictions for oil and gas investment in an

Nov 29, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Canadian provinces shut out of top 10 most-attractive jurisdictions for oil and gas investment in annual survey
CALGARY—For the first time in more than five years, no Canadian province ranked in the top 10 most-attractive jurisdictions for oil and gas investment, according to an annual global survey of petroleum-sector executives released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan, Canadian public policy think-tank.


82% of freshwater monitoring stations in Canada report fair to excellent quality

Nov 27, 2018 — Fraser Institute

82% of freshwater monitoring stations in Canada report fair to excellent quality
VANCOUVER—Canada’s freshwater supply and water quality across the country is generally very good, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Canadians are rightly sensitive about the country’s water supply, and the good news is that, overall, the quantity and quality of Canada’s freshwater is quite good,” said Ross McKitrick, professor of economics at the University of Guelph, Fraser Institute senior fellow and co-author of Evaluating the State of Fresh Water in Canada.


Economic update must address Canada’s lack of business investment

Nov 19, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Economic update must address Canada’s lack of business investment
VANCOUVER—A host of economic measures indicate that Canada continues to underperform when it comes to business investment, which is crucial for improving living standards and generating prosperity, according to recent research published by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Finance Minister Bill Morneau is scheduled to release the federal government’s fall economic update on Wednesday, which could include changes to fiscal policy and send important signals to potential investors and entrepreneurs.


Canada among highest health-care spenders yet ranks near bottom on number of doctors, hospital beds

Nov 8, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Canada among highest health-care spenders yet ranks near bottom on number of doctors, hospital beds and wait times
VANCOUVER—Despite spending more on health care than the majority of developed countries with universal coverage, Canada has a relatively short supply of doctors and hospital beds—and the longest wait times, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“There is a clear imbalance between the high cost of Canada’s health-care system and the value Canadians receive,” said Bacchus Barua, associate director of health policy studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Comparing Performance of Universal Health Care Countries, 2018.


Settling First Nation grievances could cost Ottawa almost $6 billion over next five years

Nov 6, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Settling First Nation grievances could cost Ottawa almost $6 billion over next five years
CALGARY—The cost to compensate Indigenous people for perceived past injustices could hit $5.7 billion over the next five years, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Ottawa’s plans to reconcile with Indigenous people include major financial costs, and Canadians should be aware of those costs,” said Tom Flanagan, Fraser Institute senior fellow, professor emeritus of political science at the University of Calgary and co-author of The Costs of the Canadian Government’s Reconciliation Framework for First Nations.


USMCA lost opportunity to actually implement freer trade between Canada and U.S.

Nov 1, 2018 — Fraser Institute

USMCA lost opportunity to actually implement freer trade between Canada and U.S.
VANCOUVER—The new United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)—NAFTA’s recently-negotiated replacement—represents a missed opportunity to create freer trade across North America, according to a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“We had a chance with these negotiations to truly liberalize trade between Canada and the U.S., but that opportunity was squandered because both sides came to the table with a list of protected industries that were off-limits from the start,” said Gary Hufbauer, a senior fellow with the Peterson Institute for International Economics and co-author of The U.S.-Mexico-Canada-Agreement: Overview and Outlook.