Fraser Institute


The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of 86 think-tanks. Its mission is to measure, study, and communicate the impact of competitive markets and government intervention on the welfare of individuals. To protect the Institute’s independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit fraserinstitute.org.Follow the Fraser Institute on Twitter | Like us on Facebook

Most Recent Articles by Fraser Institute:

Recent growth rate of capital investment in the U.S. more than double Canada’s

Oct 11, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Capital Investment in Canada: An International Comparison
VANCOUVER—Canada’s anemic growth rate of capital investment—which has slowed to a 40-year low—has lagged behind growth rates in the United States and other developed countries in recent years, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Slowing rates of capital investment by business are particularly notable for Canada, which risks impeding economic growth and living standards,” said Steven Globerman, professor emeritus of economics at Western Washington University and co-author of Capital Investment in Canada: An International Comparison.


Cancelling contracts with wind, solar power providers would cut Ontario electricity bills by 24%

Oct 4, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Cancelling contracts with wind, solar power providers would cut Ontario electricity bills by 24%
TORONTO—If the Ontario government cancelled existing contracts with renewable energy generators such as wind and solar power, it could reduce electricity bills for Ontarians by 24 per cent, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Electricity costs in Ontario skyrocketed in recent years due to poor government policies, so it’s time for meaningful reforms to reduce the burden on Ontarians,” said Ross McKitrick, economics professor at the University of Guelph, senior fellow at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Electricity Reform in Ontario: Getting Power Prices Down.


Canada trails U.S. in annual economic freedom ranking

Sep 25, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Canada trails U.S. in annual economic freedom ranking
TORONTO—Canadians are less economically free than Americans—and the gap is widening, according to the Fraser Institute’s annual Economic Freedom of the World report released today.

The United States ranks 6th in this year’s index, while Canada is tied for 10th with Australia.


Major tax, labour and energy reforms needed to make Ontario competitive and open for business

Sep 19, 2018 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—Ontario’s new provincial government has pledged to make Ontario “open for business,” but doing so will require significant reforms on taxes, electricity pricing and labour regulation, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“There’s no silver bullet for the wide range of problems facing Ontario, and making the province competitive again will require big changes on many different policy fronts,” said Ben Eisen, Fraser Institute senior fellow for Ontario prosperity studies and editor of Creating policy calling cards to attract business to Ontario.




Growth rate of capital investment in Canada hits 40-year low

Sep 13, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Growth rate of capital investment in Canada hits 40-year low
VANCOUVER—The growth rate of capital investment in Canada—particularly in the important areas of equipment, machinery and intellectual property—has slowed to a 40-year low, negatively affecting living standards for workers and overall economic growth, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.


Ontario’s labour market among worst in North America

Aug 30, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ontario’s labour market among worst in North America
TORONTO—Ontario’s labour market performance—which includes the province’s job-creation record and unemployment rate—ranks among the worst in North America when compared to other Canadian provinces and U.S. states, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“With Labour Day around the corner, now is an opportune time to assess how well Ontario’s labour market stacks up against other Canadian and American jurisdictions,” said Ben Eisen, Fraser Institute senior fellow.


Ottawa’s drug-pricing changes threaten Canadians who suffer from rare diseases

Aug 28, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ottawa’s drug-pricing changes threaten Canadians who suffer from rare diseases
TORONTO—The federal government’s plan to increasingly regulate the costs of pharmaceuticals could mean Canadians with cystic fibrosis and other rare diseases may soon lose access to new innovative drug treatments, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Starting next year, the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB)—a federal body that regulates the prices of all patented medicines in Canada—is planning to use new rules for establishing drug prices with the goal of lowering costs.


Ontario can balance budget while also cutting taxes

Aug 21, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ontario can balance budget while also cutting taxes
TORONTO—Ontario’s new provincial government can balance the budget and even cut taxes, but it will require a focus on spending discipline, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“While Ontario’s deficit will likely be much larger than originally projected, the province needs to reduce and reform its tax system to make the province more competitive,” said Ben Eisen, Fraser Institute senior fellow and co-author of Restoring Ontario’s Public Finances.


The average Canadian family paid $37,058 in taxes last year—more than housing, food and clothi

Aug 14, 2018 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—The average Canadian family spent 43 per cent of its income on taxes in 2017, more than housing, food and clothing costs combined, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Many Canadians will be surprised to learn that taxes—and not life’s basic necessities, including housing—is the biggest household expense,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of the Canadian Consumer Tax Index, which tracks the total tax bill of the average Canadian family from 1961 to 2017.




Lowering capital gains tax rate best way to encourage financing for entrepreneurs

Aug 2, 2018 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—Eliminating, or at least lowering, Canada’s uncompetitive tax rate on capital gains is the best policy for encouraging entrepreneurial financing, which is critical for new business startups, finds a new book released recently by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

The book, Demographics and Entrepreneurship: Mitigating the Effects of an Aging Population, spotlights declining growth rates in small business startups, a key measure of entrepreneurship, and explores policies to encourage and enhance entrepreneurship.




Health-care costs for typical Canadian family hit nearly $13,000 this year

Jul 31, 2018 — Fraser Institute


VANCOUVER—A typical Canadian family of four will pay $12,935 for health care in 2018, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Health care in Canada isn’t free—Canadians actually pay a substantial amount for public health care through their taxes, even if they don’t pay directly for medical services,” said Bacchus Barua, associate director of health policy studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of The Price of Public Health Care Insurance, 2018.


Transparency and confidence waning in Canada’s mining exploration permit process

Jul 24, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Transparency and confidence waning in Canada’s mining exploration permit process
VANCOUVER—On Tuesday, July 24, the Fraser Institute will release a new study on mining and mining investment.

CALGARY—Investors are losing confidence in the mineral exploration permit process in many Canadian provinces, with applications taking longer to be approved and a lack of transparency, according to a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian policy think-tank.


Ottawa’s drug-pricing changes risk limiting patient access to new medicines

Jul 20, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ottawa’s drug-pricing changes risk limiting patient access to new medicines
VANCOUVER—The federal government’s plan to lower the cost of patented pharmaceuticals in Canada through new regulations seriously risks limiting patient access to new innovative drugs, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Establishing drug prices has always been a balance between affordability and accessibility, but by markedly shifting the scales towards lower prices, Canadian patients will likely have less access to life-saving drugs,” said Kristina Acri, Fraser Institute senior fellow, associate professor of economics at Colorado College and author of Implications of the Proposed Changes to Canada’s Pharmaceutical Pricing Regulations.


With Canadian milk in NAFTA crosshairs…

Jul 17, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Australia is proof consumers and farmers can benefit from phasing out supply management
VANCOUVER—Canadian consumers and the dairy industry could both benefit by phasing out supply management, as evidenced by Australia’s recent experience ending its own protectionist dairy policies, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think tank.

U.S. President Trump has made Canada’s supply management policies—which control the price and production of dairy products as well as poultry—a key issue in the ongoing NAFTA negotiations.


Ontario’s personal income tax rate hike may have prevented 2,158 new businesses from starting

Jul 10, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ontario’s personal income tax rate hike may have prevented 2,158 new businesses from starting
TORONTO—The Ontario government’s increase to the province’s top personal income tax rate in 2013 may have prevented more than 2,000 new businesses from starting in the province, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Tax hikes by the previous government at Queen’s Park discouraged entrepreneurs from starting thousands of new businesses, which are vital for economic growth and prosperity and drive innovation,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute.


Supreme Court rejects Canada as an economic union, green lights provincial trade barriers

Jun 28, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Supreme Court rejects Canada as an economic union, green lights provincial trade barriers in ‘free the beer’ ruling
TORONTO—A recent Supreme Court ruling will limit the cross-country flow of beer—and other goods and services—for Canadians this Canada Day long weekend and beyond, confirms a report released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian policy think-tank.

“At a time when Canadians are particularly sensitive to trade barriers, the Supreme Court of Canada has rejected the clear language of the Constitution and allowed provinces to essentially build trade walls,” said Bruce Pardy, a law professor at Queen’s University and author of Protecting Government from Free Trade: The “Free the Beer” Case at the Supreme Court of Canada.


Ottawa’s $5.7 billion in ‘specific claim’ settlements fails to improve First Natio

Jun 21, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Ottawa’s $5.7 billion in ‘specific claim’ settlements fails to improve First Nations living standard
CALGARY—The federal government has paid nearly $6 billion over the past four decades to hundreds of First Nations in Canada to settle “specific claims” linked to historical treaties, but there has been no corresponding increase in living standards among those recipient First Nations, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think tank.


91% of minimum-wage earners in Ontario don’t live in low-income families

Jun 19, 2018 — Fraser Institute

91% of minimum-wage earners in Ontario don’t live in low-income families
TORONTO—Despite misperceptions and false claims, raising the minimum wage would do little to reduce poverty in Ontario because the vast majority of minimum-wage earners don’t live in low-income households, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Earlier this year, Ontario raised the minimum wage by 21 per cent to $14 an hour, and some groups—including the province’s official Opposition—continue to push for an even higher minimum wage.


June 10 is Tax Freedom Day, when Canadians start working for themselves and not government

Jun 10, 2018 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—Canadian families celebrate Tax Freedom Day on June 10 this year, according to the Fraser Institute’s annual calculations.

Tax Freedom Day measures the total yearly tax burden imposed on Canadian families by federal, provincial and municipal governments. If you had to pay all your taxes up front, you’d give government every dollar you earned before Tax Freedom Day.


Federal reforms make environmental assessment process more uncertain, more political

May 31, 2018 — Fraser Institute

Federal reforms make environmental assessment process more uncertain, more political
VANCOUVER—Environmental assessment has always been arbitrary and political and the federal government’s proposed changes (contained in Bill C-69) do nothing to change that, argues a new report released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian policy think-tank.

If anything, the reforms will increase uncertainty in the project approval process.