A region often divided finds itself united by the belief that the federal government treats it unfairly

What unites & defines the West? In a complicated confederation, less than one might think

By —— Bio and Archives--January 30, 2019

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What unites & defines the West? In a complicated confederation, less than one might thinkThe concept of “Western Canada” may be one borne of geography and history, but where does it start and end? How much to Canada’s four most western provinces actually have in common? What unites and divides them? And what assumptions do eastern provinces make about the west?


The answers to these deceptively simple questions have been the subject of nearly a century of debate in this country, and new data from the Angus Reid Institute – part three of a four-part study on western identity and opinion – aims to add to the discussion.

The poll finds a large majority of residents in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba – and a majority of Canadians, overall – inclined to believe “the west” is a unique region within Canada. That said, fewer than half of all Canadians can agree on a single definition of which provinces constitute “the west.”

This lack of consensus may reflect a larger truth: while Western Canada may be a “unique” region, it is far from a united one. The four western provinces have major disagreements on questions of politics and identity, with the rift between British Columbia and Alberta and the closeness between Alberta and Saskatchewan particularly notable.

That said, the west is united by its belief that it is not treated fairly by the federal government, and a sense it is poorly represented by Canada’s national institutions.

More Key Findings:

  • British Columbians see themselves as having more in common with Washington State (54% say this) and California (18%) than Alberta (15%) or any other Canadian province
  • Among those in the four westernmost provinces who feel their region has been treated unfairly by the federal government, two-thirds (66%) feel this treatment has been worsening in recent years, while only 12 per cent feel it has been improving (21% say it has not changed)
  • Fewer than three-in-ten respondents in each of the four western provinces say the federal government in Ottawa reflects and represents their province well
  • Most residents of Alberta (69%) and Saskatchewan (58%) favour their provincial governments taking a hard line with the federal government, while majorities in B.C. (63%) and Manitoba (52%) say they want their provincial leadership to be “firm,” but not play hardball

Link to the poll here:
Download .PDF (345 KB) with detailed tables, graphs and methodology.
Media Contact: Shachi Kurl: .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) @shachikurl


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Angus Reid Institute -- Bio and Archives | Comments

The Angus Reid Institute is a national, not-for-profit, non-partisan public opinion research foundation established to enhance and encourage better understanding of issues and trends affecting economic, social, governance, philanthropy, public administration, domestic and foreign policy in Canada and its world.

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