Fraser Institute


The Fraser Institute is an independent Canadian public policy research and educational organization with offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal and ties to a global network of 86 think-tanks. Its mission is to measure, study, and communicate the impact of competitive markets and government intervention on the welfare of individuals. To protect the Institute’s independence, it does not accept grants from governments or contracts for research. Visit fraserinstitute.org.Follow the Fraser Institute on Twitter | Like us on Facebook

Most Recent Articles by Fraser Institute:

Amount Canadians donate to charity at a 10-year low

Dec 13, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Amount Canadians donate to charity at a 10-year low
VANCOUVER—The amount Canadians donate to charities—as a share of their income—has hit a 10-year low and lags far behind the amount Americans give, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“The holiday season is a time to reflect on giving, and with Canadians becoming less generous every year, charities face greater challenges to secure resources to help those in need,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Generosity in Canada and the United States: The 2017 Generosity Index.


Ontario elementary school rankings, spotlights schools that overcome special needs challenges

Dec 10, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Fraser Institute releases Ontario elementary school rankings, spotlights schools that overcome special needs challenges
TORONTO—The Fraser Institute’s Report Card on Ontario’s Elementary Schools—now in its 15th year—is out today.

This year’s Report Card—the go-to source for measuring academic performance—ranks more than 3,000 anglophone and francophone public and Catholic schools (and a small number of independent schools) based on nine academic indicators from results of annual province-wide reading, writing and math tests.


Canada’s health-care wait times hit new record—21.2 weeks

Dec 7, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Waiting Your Turn: Wait Times for Health Care in Canada, 2017
VANCOUVER—Wait times for medically necessary treatment hit a new record in 2017 and eclipsed 20 weeks for a second year in a row, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

The study, an annual survey of physicians from across Canada, reports a median wait time in 2017 of 21.2 weeks—the longest ever recorded. By comparison, Canadians waited 9.3 weeks in 1993 when the Fraser Institute first reported wait times for medically necessary elective treatments.


Top 20 per cent of families pay 56 per cent of all taxes in Canada

Nov 30, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Top 20 per cent of families pay 56 per cent of all taxes in Canada
VANCOUVER—Despite common misperceptions that top earners pay little tax, Canada’s top income-earners pay a disproportionate—and growing—share of all taxes collected by government, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“The notion of tax fairness has come up recently to justify even higher taxes on top earners, but in reality, they already pay a disproportionate share of the tax bill,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Measuring the Distribution of Taxes in Canada: Do the Rich Pay Their “Fair Share”?


Canada only country in G7 not raising retirement age; adds significant costs for government

Nov 25, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Canada only country in G7 not raising retirement age; adds significant costs for government
VANCOUVER—Canada is out of step with most major industrialized countries—and all other G7 countries—which are raising the age of eligibility for public retirement programs, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Like every other high-income country, Canada’s population is aging, but unlike most of our peers, Canada is doing very little to prepare for the greying of society,” said Jason Clemens, executive vice-president of the Fraser Institute and co-author of Age of Eligibility for Public Retirement Programs in the OECD.


First Nations generating billions in revenue, often from sources other than natural resources

Nov 21, 2017 — Fraser Institute

First Nations generating billions in revenue, often from sources other than natural resources
VANCOUVER—First Nations across Canada are generating billions in revenue for themselves—and not only from natural resources, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“First Nations are finding new and unique ways to generate income for their members that don’t necessarily rely on natural resources,” said Tom Flanagan, Fraser Institute senior fellow, professor emeritus of political science at the University of Calgary and co-author of Bending the Curve: Recent Developments in Government Spending on First Nations.


Provincial climate plans will cost billions with likely little environmental benefit

Nov 16, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Provincial climate plans will cost billions with likely little environmental benefit
CALGARY—A detailed review of provincial climate action plans and the results from countries around the world who have pursued similar policies indicate that the current provincial plans will cost Canadians billions and likely produce very little environmental benefits, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Across the country, ineffective climate policies will cost taxpayers billions with little to show for it,” said Kenneth Green, Fraser Institute’s senior director of energy and natural resource studies and author of Canada’s Climate Action Plans: Are they cost-effective?


More than 60 per cent of lower-income families in Canada now paying higher federal income taxes

Nov 8, 2017 — Fraser Institute

More than 60 per cent of lower-income families in Canada now paying higher federal income taxesVANCOUVER—The majority of lower-income families in Canada with children are paying higher income taxes now because of the federal government’s tax changes, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Ottawa has enacted a series of tax changes that have actually raised income taxes on hundreds of thousands of Canadian families in the bottom 20 per cent,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Effect of Federal Income Tax Changes on Canadian Families Who Are in the Bottom 20 Percent of Earners.


Nearly half of Ontario’s urban areas have fewer jobs now than in 2008

Nov 2, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Nearly half of Ontario’s urban areas have fewer jobs now than in 2008
TORONTO—Employment growth in Ontario since the recession has been heavily concentrated in the Greater Toronto and Ottawa areas, while many of the province’s other cities and towns struggle with job loss, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Queen’s Park’s rosy view of Ontario’s post-recession recovery ignores the much more difficult reality in many parts of the province,” said Ben Eisen, director of the Fraser Institute’s Ontario Prosperity Initiative and co-author of Uneven Recovery: Much of Ontario Still Hasn’t Fully Recovered from the 2008 Recession.


Canada’s aging population could push government deficits to $143 billion by 2045

Oct 31, 2017 — Fraser Institute


VANCOUVER—Canada’s aging population will put significant stress on government spending programs, which will result in large deficits and mounting debt in the future, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“The population is getting older, but governments across Canada are doing very little to prepare for the major spending increases and reduced revenues that are coming as a result,” said Jason Clemens, executive vice-president of the Fraser Institute and co-author of Canada’s Aging Population and Implications for Government Finances.


Prime Minister Trudeau on pace to lead all PMs in debt accumulation outside world wars or recessions

Oct 23, 2017 — Fraser Institute

Prime Minister Trudeau on pace to lead all PMs in debt accumulation outside world wars or recessions

VANCOUVER—Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is on track to increase per-person federal debt more than any other prime minister who didn’t face a world war or economic recession, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Government debt matters—higher debt means more tax dollars are diverted away from important public programs in order to pay interest, and it leaves future generations on the hook to pay for today’s spending through higher taxes,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of An Analysis of Federal Debt in Canada by Prime Ministers Since Confederation.


High, increasing electricity prices have cost Ontario more than 74,000 manufacturing jobs since 2008

Oct 17, 2017 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—Ontario’s rising electricity prices—now the highest in Canada—have cost the province an estimated 74,881 manufacturing jobs since the 2008 recession, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian policy think-tank.

“Electricity is a major cost for the manufacturing sector, so it’s not surprising that Ontario’s skyrocketing electricity prices have led to tens of thousands of job losses in the province,” said Ross McKitrick, economics professor at the University of Guelph, Fraser Institute senior fellow and co-author of Rising Electricity Costs and Declining Employment in Ontario’s Manufacturing Sector.


Business investment in Canada second-lowest among 17 advanced economies

Oct 12, 2017 — Fraser Institute

OTTAWA—Canada lags far behind other developed countries when it comes to business investment, which is critical to grow the economy and increase living standards, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“When businesses invest in the latest technologies and production techniques and expand their operations, it spurs economic growth and raises living standards for workers,” said Philip Cross, former chief economic analyst for Statistics Canada and author of Business Investment in Canada Falls Far Behind Other Industrialized Countries.


Added prescription to Canadian mortgage rules unnecessary, could increase costs for homebuyers

Oct 11, 2017 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—Requiring a stress test for Canadians who provide at least a 20 per cent down payment to purchase a home is an unnecessary step that could negatively affect homebuyers across Canada, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Canada’s financial regulator, the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OFSI), wants to force homebuyers who do not require mortgage insurance—those who provide 20 per cent or more of the property’s value as a down payment—to qualify for a mortgage two percentage points higher than the agreed upon rate.


Funding and regulation of independent schools varies greatly across the provinces: Only five provide

Oct 3, 2017 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—Only half of Canada’s provinces provide even partial funding for independent schools, which in turn, can lower tuition costs for parents, finds a new study by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Independent schools offer parents greater choice, and often provide religious or alternative teaching pedagogies not available in the public school system, but across Canada there is a wide variety of regulations and funding models for these schools,” said Deani Van Pelt, Fraser Institute senior fellow and co-author of The Funding and Regulation of Independent Schools in Canada.


More than 80 per cent of middle-income families face higher federal income taxes

Sep 26, 2017 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—Contrary to rhetoric from Ottawa, the vast majority of middle-class Canadian families are paying higher income taxes due to changes made by the federal government, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

On average, middle-class families will pay $840 more in federal income taxes this year.


Ontario’s $15 minimum wage threatens jobs for young people and low-skilled workers province-wi

Sep 19, 2017 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—Raising Ontario’s minimum wage to $15 an hour—a staggering 32 per cent increase over the current minimum wage—will lead to job losses across the province for Ontario’s young and low-skilled workers, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Economic conditions are not the same across Ontario, so the negative effects of a $15 minimum wage—namely job losses for young and low-skilled workers—will be more severe in some areas of the province,” explained Ben Eisen, director of the Fraser Institute’s Ontario Prosperity Initiative and co-author of Ontario Enters Uncharted Waters with a $15 Minimum Wage.


Once-powerful Ontario now a fiscal laggard in Canada; per-person government debt set to eclipse Queb

Sep 7, 2017 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—once a Canadian leader in fiscal management—has become the poster child for financial mismanagement along with Alberta, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“At the turn of the century, Ontario could boast as having a relatively strong fiscal record while Quebec fell behind in terms of provincial financial management, but times have changed—Quebec is now showing encouraging signs of turning its troubles around, and Ontario is still in decline,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Canada’s Past Fiscal Leaders Are Now Fiscal Laggards: An Analysis of 2017 Provincial Budgets.


Ontario’s labour market ranks among worst in North America; trails Michigan in job-creation

Aug 31, 2017 — Fraser Institute

TORONTO—Ontario’s job-creation and labour market performance ranks poorly when compared to other Canadian provinces and U.S. states, and it trails far behind other manufacturing jurisdictions including Michigan, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“By almost every measure, Ontario’s labour market is at the back of the pack in North America,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of Measuring Labour Markets in Canada and the United States, 2017.


Taxes—not housing and basic necessities—are largest Canadian household expense

Aug 24, 2017 — Fraser Institute

VANCOUVER—Despite high housing costs across the country, the average Canadian family spent more on taxes in 2016 than housing, food and clothing combined, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

“Many Canadians may think housing is their biggest household expense, but in fact the average Canadian family spent more on taxes last year than on life’s basic necessities—including housing,” said Charles Lammam, director of fiscal studies at the Fraser Institute and co-author of the Canadian Consumer Tax Index, which tracks the total tax bill of the average Canadian family from 1961 to 2016.